The Senior Citizens Grant is designed to reduce old age poverty by providing a minimum level of income security to older people. As a social grant, the SCG responds to public concerns on the welfare of older persons–which reflects Ugandan values of support for the elderly. The SCGs – also known as social pensions -do not only reduce poverty among the elderly and their families but also build social cohesion and are effective at reaching other vulnerable groups, e.g. persons with disabilities, orphans. The SCG is simple, cost-effective, and scalable. For the period when they have been implemented in Uganda, there is evidence that the SCGs are popular among older persons, their families, communities, and they have the support of many Ugandans.
Although the SCGs target older people, the grants benefit more than only the senior citizen beneficiaries. The SCGs have significant impact on child nutrition and development as older people tend to invest a portion of their grant money in meeting their grandchildren’s needs. The grants also increase access to health and education services amongst older people and their families. The grants have also been shown to boost rural employment both through the stimulus that the cash payments provide to the local economy and also through the employment of youth by older people to work on their land.
Between 2010-2015, the Expanding Social Protection Programme implemented the Senior Citizens Grant initially in 15 districts of Amudat, Apac, Kaberamaido, Katakwi, Kiboga, Kole, Kyankwanzi, Kyegegwa, Kyenjojo, Moroto, Nakapiripirit, Napak, Nebbi , Yumbe and Zombo. Over the next 5 years, the Programme will roll out to an additional 40 districts (See roll out plan) roll out plan
Under the scheme, beneficiaries receive Shs. 25,000 every month (about US$8), but paid out every two months hence beneficiaries receive Shs50,000 (US$16) every two months.